About the Gujarati Language
There are 65.5 million native speakers worldwide, including 4.5% of India’s population, and it is also spoken in parts of Pakistan and Afghanistan. Gujarati is the 27th most spoken language worldwide. It is an indo-Aryan language from the West Indian region of Gujarat. Descended from old Gujarati, it is the primary official language of the region of Gujarat and an official language of the union territories of Daman, Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli. The writing system employed by this language is similar to other languages using Nāgarī writing systems. Native language speakers in Gujarat’s Kutch district use the same alphabet as Farsi and Arabic to write the language.
There are several dialects of Gujarati including Gamadia, Kakari, Kathiyawadi, Kharwa, Parsi, Standard Gujarati, Tarimuki and Surati. Hindu Gujarati is the dialect that the government had adopted as the standard version, and the one taught in schools. Parsi Gujarati, the language spoken by the Zoroastrian Parsis, admits a lot of Persian words into its vocabulary. There are also Diasporic dialects which are used by populations outside of India, where populations of native speakers from India migrated to, such as East Africa. Some linguists consider Kutchi as a dialect of the language as well.