About the German Language
The German language belongs to the Germanic language family, together with the English, Dutch, Scandinavian, Luxembourgish, and Frisian languages. Historically, German has regularly been used as a lingua franca in the Western World, particularly in the fields of science and philosophy. Its dominance is still apparent in educational systems; after French and Spanish, German is the third most frequently taught foreign language in English-speaking countries.
German can be divided into two major forms: German and Low German. Each form can be further divided into dozens of regional dialects. High German dialects include Swabian, Alsatian, Austro-Bavarian, and High Franconian. Considering the extensive geography covered by German-speaking countries, much of it with decentralized history of rule, it’s hardly surprising how much linguistic variation exists within the language.